Every company must have an accounting policy in place that specifies its accounting principles, as well as laying down rules for how its financial statements should be prepared and how its internal documents should move around. The accounting policy must fit the nature of the company’s business.
If an individual is considered to be tax resident simultaneously in two treaty countries (e.g. Latvia and Lithuania) according to their national law, the dispute over the person’s tax resident status will be resolved by treaty article 4(4), which provides for consecutively assessing the following criteria:
To deal with the Covid-19 crisis in 2020 and 2021, the governments have imposed tight restrictions, including travel restrictions, to contain the pandemic. Various exit and entry restrictions forced many people to stay in Latvia or another country. If you are performing your job duties in Latvia then you may need to consider tax treatment aspects. This article explores how Covid-19 affects the way tax residence is determined under Latvian law.
Latvia has adopted minimum mandatory national social insurance contributions (“NSIC”) from 1 July 2021. The parliamentary opposition as well as several business organisations and industry associations asked the MPs in an open letter to postpone adoption of the minimum NSIC scheme until the economy recovers from the Covid-19 restrictions. Despite public criticisms, the new regime came into force on 1 July. This article explores cases where a self-employed person is permitted not to apply minimum NSIC to their income after filing a written request with the State Revenue Service (“SRS”).
The legal form, meaning the contract between related parties and its provisions, has always been among the factors that come into play when assessing whether prices applied in controlled transactions are arm’s length. This article discusses why the legal form of a transaction is important, looks at a common approach to preparing intragroup contracts, and explores some rules that should be followed when drafting those contracts to mitigate transfer pricing risks.
As the vacation season is approaching, so is the implementation of the controversial minimum income subject to mandatory national social insurance (“NSI”) contributions, which might affect many companies from 1 July 2021. On 24 May, however, the Parliamentary Presidium presented proposals for amending the NSI Act to a committee, urging a deferral of the effective date of the earlier amendments. This article describes the basic principles for applying the minimum NSI income and offers practical examples in case the bill is not approved and the new rules come into force from 1 July.
Idleness benefit and aid for wage subsidy are paid to workers for the period from 9 November 2020 to 30 June 2021. This article summarises key aspects a payroll accountant needs to consider when calculating average earnings for a worker that has received payments as part of state aid for companies affected by the Covid-19 crisis. The annual income tax filing season usually causes workers to scrutinise their income and it becomes important to correctly calculate income for past periods.
Restrictions imposed to tackle the Covid-19 crisis have adversely affected many companies’ ability to carry on the sort of business they were able to do before the emergency situation was announced. It is not only their ability to make a profit that is restricted but also their ability to cover business costs. State aid for shopping malls and sports centres is awaiting approval from the European Commission this week. Both types of aid are to be granted and monitored by the Latvian Investment and Development Agency (LIAA). An aid application is due by 31 May 2021 (unless the deadline is extended) so it has to be ready in a week’s time with a number of documents attached. LIAA will decide to grant aid by 30 September 2021 and check 15% of aid recipients on a random basis. This article explores key aspects of this aid.
With the Covid-19 pandemic leading to many redundancies, the courts are increasingly hearing disputes over mistakes employers make in laying off their workers. This suggests a lack of understanding of how a workforce reduction should be achieved lawfully. It is important in this context for the employer to offer the worker another job before issuing a redundancy notice.
In last week’s edition of Flash News we outlined the VAT treatment of companies offering free meals to their workers during working hours as well as transport between home and work to ensure business continuity especially during the Covid-19 crisis. This article explores the personal and corporate income tax implications of this practice.
Many multinational enterprises have suffered losses from a drop in demand, a supply chain delay or extraordinary operating costs during the period of Covid-19 restrictions. The allocation of such losses and extraordinary costs between related companies is likely to attract the tax authority’s scrutiny so these issues require special attention. This article explores the allocation of losses and Covid-19 specific costs in the light of the OECD’s Guidance on the transfer pricing implications of the Covid-19 pandemic.
We have spent the last year or so coming to terms with the Covid-19 pandemic, which has changed our daily lives beyond recognition. While we keep thinking mainly about the restrictions and outbreak statistics, it would be useful to figure out whether companies are now subject to a heightened risk of money laundering and terrorism and proliferation financing (“ML/TPF”) and whether the internal control systems set up by persons subject to the Anti Money Laundering and Counter Terrorism and Proliferation Financing Act are still as effective as they were before the pandemic.
While some taxpayers may face challenges in applying their advance pricing agreements (“APAs”) with the tax authorities under the economic conditions resulting from the pandemic, all existing APAs and their terms should be respected unless a critical assumption is breached. This article provides an overview of how COVID-19 affects APAs in the light of the OECD’s “Guidance on the transfer pricing implications of the COVID-19 pandemic.”
PwC specialists share their experience on topical tax issues.
PwC offers a brief video on the impact of COVID-19 on Transfer Pricing in Central and Eastern Europe.
The annual survey of Baltic business leaders examines the mood and opinion of entrepreneurs about business challenges and development perspectives. In addition to the questions asked in the global survey, we asked the managers of the Baltic companies to answer some questions about the aspects of the local economy.